Interesting construction facts (Интересные факты строительства)

About 2000 BC, the Chinese built houses from wooden poles, covering them with thatched roofs. In Skara Brae in the Orkney Islands, off the coast of Scotland, a settlement of stone houses was discovered, in the middle of which there were stone niches for utensils, tables and bunks. The settlement was buried under a layer of sand 4500 years ago during a hurricane. The buildings of Ancient Greece amaze with their noble beauty and grandeur. A person looking at the Parthenon feels taller and broader in the shoulders, the size of the building did not suppress, did not humiliate him. The secret of the harmony of the lines and form of the Parthenon temple is based on such an accurate understanding of the laws of optics and healthy perception.

межкомнатные двери с патиной от производителя Металлические двери. Межкомнатные двери с патиной. Межкомнатные двери с алюминиевыми торцами.


Individual structures were very difficult to implement their construction. Yes, the project for the dome of the Florence Cathedral was designed by Bruneleschi in the 1430s. The tower was so large that no one knew how to build a dome on it. Bruneleschi solved the problem by installing a crane on top and thus completed the construction. From ancient architecture, the Renaissance adopts the order system. Column, beam, vault, dome - the main elements of architectural compositions. The architecture is characterized by simplicity, calmness of forms and rhythms. Along with temples, many civil, secular structures are being built. The main features of these buildings are the symmetry of the composition, horizontal division into floors, a clear rhythm in the placement of windows and architectural details.

History of construction development (История развития строительства)

Одна из самых древних цивилизаций на земле – далекий, загадочный Египет. И ныне человека захватывает застывшие постройки пирамид, скульптура сфинкса, охраняющая царство мертвых, величие храмов. Пирамиды хранили останки фараонов. Каменную пирамиду фараона Сахура в Абу Сире, близ Мемфиса, построили около 2200 г. до Р. Х. Крытый коридор от образовавшегося после разлива Нила озера вел прямо в поминальный зал.

As a result of the Second World War, by 1945 more than 40 million houses had been destroyed in the main cities of Europe and it was necessary to build new ones, primarily residential ones. In place of the destroyed and old unusable buildings, new reinforced concrete and steel framed buildings were erected.

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